Adopting Letter Grading System at Secondary School Level’
Ravindra Kumar

Central Institute of Educational Technology, NCERT, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi-16

Abstract

The ongoing measures and techniques adopted in our schools and educational set up suffer from many drawbacks and limitations. A number of measures have been adopted for bringing improvement in the evaluation system, specially the grading system. To measure of effectiveness of the grading system and willingness of the teachers to adopte this system was analysed in this study. A survey was done and data was collected from the teachers of Meerut City in Uttar Pradesh. The data was interpreted statistically and inferences were generated as per the data. Majority of the teachers are in favour of adopting letter grading system at secondary school.
Key Words: Grading System, Secondary School Level, Examination System

Introducation
Effective controlling of the teaching-learning
demands effective measures of evaluation. It needs to
be sufficiently reliable, valid, objective, comprehensive,
diagnostic, formative, summative and practicable. The
ongoing measures and techniques adopted in our
schools and educational set up suffer from many of the
drawbacks, and limitations. A number of measures have
now been coming up for bringing improvement in the
evaluation system; the significant ones are mentioned
adopting the grading system. The study will be conduct
on grading to provide the best evaluation system for
student which develops the learning habit in new
generation.
Objectives of the Study
1. To substantiate the fact that letter grading at
secondary level is logical choice over the
prevalent numerical assessment of students.
2. To explore the essential aspects of successful
teaching i.e. to explore the possibilities of regular
checking on students’ learning rather than the
term end examination.
3. To evolve out the most comprehensive paradigm
of student’s evaluation technique.
Research Questions
1. What are the reactions of teachers towards
grading?
2. Do they prefer the proposed ‘grading system’ over
the traditional system of numerical marking?
Hypothesis
There is no significant difference in the existing
examination system (subjective evaluation of awarding
marks) and the proposed continuous and comprehensive
evaluation (objective Grading System).
Population
The population for this study comprised the male and
female teachers of secondary schools in Meerut City.
The population in the present study is near about two
thousand.
Sample
Heaving studied the population and its structure; it
was found that all the secondary school’s teachers of
Meerut City could not be brought under study due to
paucity of time and resources. Collection of data on such
a large population, its analysis and preparing report on
that was not possible. Hence, it was decided to draw a
representative sample from the larger population. Hence
it was decided that out of the two thousand teaches,
seventy two Teachers selected for the study. The sample
was random. Its composition was as follow: (i) secondary
male teachers (ii) secondary female teachers.
Statistical Tools Used
For the purpose of the study ’empirical questionnaire
has been taken for data collection.
Description of the Tool: The questionnaire consists
of 25 questions with two options for each Yes, No.
Questions on general information as well as specific
information were included.

Statistical Techniques Applied
Chi square ( 2) test was used to analysis and interpret
the data. The formula for Chi square ( 2) is stated as
follows:
 2 0
2

( f  f )
f
e
e
Analysis & Interpretation
The 2 test has been used for the response data
given in the below table:
The Table of Data Analysis on the basis of used
Questionnaire