Volume 2 (2016)

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) for School Education in India: Advantages,
Challenges and Suggestions for Implementation

Yash Paul Sharma

Central Institute of Educational Technology, National Council of Educational Research and Training, New Delhi-11016


Education is the backbone of any country. In India Right to Education encompasses the compulsory and free education to children between 6 and 14 years. But because of diverse sociological, geographical and political situation to achieve the target is far from reality. With changing time, new and innovative technologies make it possible to spread the seed of education to unreach and MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) are among them. MOOCs have various advantages over traditional teaching but challenging too. Implementation of MOOCs for school education requires technical expertise along with army of trainers. MOOCs will provide additional support to the learner as well teacher and also in teacher training programmes. MOOCs will be more beneficial for out of school children and in technical education. The education should be in blended mode and if Government adopts any strategy for certification as par with regular education, the MOOCs will be boon for India.

Keywords: MOOCs, Massive Open Online Courses, SWAYAM, Open Educational Resources, OER, School Education, Educational Technology.

Anxiety Dimension of Personality Among Urban and Rural Physical Education Students of Higher Secondary Schools

Dr Dhanraj Singh Slathia

Rashtrasant Tukadoji Mahraj (RTM) University of Nagpur, INDIA


The present study is undertaking with a view to find and compare the Anxiety level among rural and urban Physical Education Students of Higher Secondary Schools. It’s is hypothesized that there exists a non significant difference between the anxiety level among the rural and urban higher secondary students. For verification of these hypotheses, the data was collected from 140(70 from rural areas and 70 from urban areas) higher secondary students of Jammu district in Jammu and Kashmir by adopting random sampling. The data collected is subjected to statistical analysis t-test. The purpose of the study was to compare.

Keywords-: Rural & Urban Physical education students, Higher Secondary School, Anxiety.

Adopting Letter Grading System at Secondary School Level

Ravindra Kumar
Central Institute of Educational Technology, NCERT, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi-16


The ongoing measures and techniques adopted in our schools and educational set up suffer from many drawbacks and limitations. A number of measures have been adopted for bringing improvement in the evaluation system, specially the grading system. To measure of effectiveness of the grading system and willingness of the teachers to adopt this system was analysed in this study. A survey was done and data was collected from the teachers of Meerut City in Uttar Pradesh. The data was interpreted statistically and inferences were generated as per the data. Majority of the teachers are in favour of adopting letter grading system at secondary school.

Key Words: Grading System, Secondary School Level, Examination System